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'Pick of the Pack'
Over 5,000 hand printed and coloured etchings and engravings from original, mostly antique, intaglio printing plates.
Maps and plans available as high quality photo or giclee prints
The Francis Frith Collection
Terms used in my descriptions
- Foxing (or fox marks) - orange/brown spotting
caused by the growth of mould if the item has been kept in damp
conditions at some time in the past.
- Cockled - smooth wrinkles in the paper, caused by
damp affecting the item unevenly at some time in the past.
- Margins - blank paper area outside the image area.
Sometimes the paper can be close trimmed near to the image
edge - this often occurred when the print or map was produced, or when
it may have been bound into a book. Can also be a result of later
trimming to fit a frame or to remove damaged edges.
- Plate mark - impression left by the edge of a metal
printing plate. Not always present, especially in the case of
very close cropped items and impressions taken from steel plates.
Prior to the eighteenth century due to the high cost of copper
plates the plate mark was usually only just outside the image
edge. Example of the corner of the plate
mark from an eighteenth century print.
- Soiling - general dirt or grubbiness, dust, ink, tea, coffee
- Browning or age browning - discolouration of the paper
due to age, not usually a serious fault in itself but can be
disfiguring. Sometimes browning can occur very evenly in which
case it could also be termed 'age toning' or even a 'feature'!
- Worm holes - small (usually 1-2mm) holes caused by
woodworm eating through the book that once contained a map or
- Offsetting - the inadvertent transfer of ink or colour
onto the paper surface from another part of the print or map
(as when folded and bound in a book) or from another page. Most
common with centre folded maps that have probably been bound
before the ink or colour is totally dry. Example
showing river features offset due to a fold.
- Edge Chipping - tatty edges to the map or print, possibly with small tears or small pieces of the edge of the paper missing. caused by general wear and tear.
- Printers crease - a crease in the paper that was present when the map or print was produced. The pressure of the plate in printing flattens this down to a visible line, it is a fault but could also be called a 'feature'.
- Weak impression - a weak image that is fainter than normal due to either a worn plate or insufficient pressure or inking of the plate during printing.